Annotated Bibliography

AIDSvu. “Dallas.” AIDSVu, AIDSVu, 5 Feb. 2018, Accessed 16 Feb. 2018.

AIDSVu is an organization run by Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health the website is kept up to create an interactive source for those researching the “HIV prevalence data” to help one gain background knowledge of the people affected by the sexually transmitted disease based on certain groups searched. The site holds up-to-date resources, breaking down counties/regions by demographics, listing new diagnosis when available. With the source given, the organization is attempting to create a knowledge/awareness of the epidemic occurring in modern America, taking the lives of many, in turn, helping find a way to maintain the disease or prevent it from spreading all together. The website is aimed towards researchers who are aimed towards finding answers about a specific demographic or even a general response to the growing numbers of HIV/AIDs victims within the states. To use this research, it would be possible to center your work around either finding an area to press more focus on or using it to prevent any further spread of the virus.

When first looking at this source, I immediately thought about finding the correlation between Michael Hernandez’s panel and the outbreak within Dallas. Albeit, it having some correlation to my artifact that I’m researching, in all, it does not help me get any more specific to the community or relationships of those within the Dallas, Texas area.

Merlan, Anna. “The Rising AIDS Epidemic Among Dallas’s Young Poor People.” Dallas Observer, 20 May 2016, Accessed 16 Feb. 2018.

Anna Merian is a known journalist, circulating the New York area, originally from New Mexico; she specializes in several different fields that coincide to give her background knowledge on the things currently taking place around the United States. Merian’s article attacks the AIDS Epidemic hitting the Dallas’ area, specifically the youth who are blindly moving through the streets because of their status. The written piece was made to address the issue of youths in America, suffering from a disease that has yet to be addressed amongst the United States’ society.
Merian’s work is directed towards the older generations near Dallas who have the ability to create a change and make that difference for the suffering youth. The researchers looking into this could be everyday people, those who own a foundation or any form of charity to help the youth in the Dallas area.

Despite the fact that Merian’s article on youth suffering from AIDS in Dallas has nothing to do with my artifact, the appeal of having the Dallas area spreading awareness of the effects happening to the people living in that area. After finding that the source didn’t directly correlate with my artifact, it still hit a very important issue

CDC. “HIV/AIDS.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 12 Feb. 2018,

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention is a widely known source for spreading awareness of any and all diseases known currently, it is a highly accredited institution leading the public health in United States and on this certain age information behind the sexually transmitted disease that has been  rising epidemic in America. In the article written by the CDC, the institution addresses the problem of HIV/AIDS within the Hispanic community by providing real numbers of those affected by the disease. The point being made by this article is the amount of Hispanics dealing with AIDS and gives advice on ways to better ones performance throughout their daily lives. Here the true audience the article is aimed directly at Hispanics dealing with this semi-normative dilemma. This specific article would help a relative amount of minorities could look into this article in hopes of finding a way to maintain their build.

My artifact is connected to a Hispanic, gay male centered in the Dallas area, despite the fact that he was in a centered region it applied to the general problems he faced on a day-to-day basis. The article does affect many on this case, most importantly the man who continued to struggle through his problems while also helping many others in his position.

Oppong, Joseph R., et al. “Vulnerable Places: Prison Locations, Socioeconomic Status, and HIV Infection in Texas.” Professional Geographer, vol. 66, no. 4, Oct. 2014, pp. 653-663. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/00330124.2013.852040.

Joseph R. Oppong, has a Ph.D in medical geographic with a focus on Africa and North America, who’s published work here attacks the ongoing epidemic and the affects socioeconomics have taken and the failure the government has had with the prison system that has allowed HIV/AIDS to be spread rapidly throughout the years. In his work he elaborates in the rates in which people who are under strict surroundings are forced or choose to become involved with the limited amount of people that are around them. In this paper written by Dr. Oppong, he brings to light the affects a prison system has on those suffering with the disease and the place that those who don’t have the ability to deal with their conditions. This piece of work is directed towards those in control of each and every system that can affect those people who don’t have the choice to better themselves. Researchers looking to benefit others who are dealing with this disease in an unproactive area can look into this work to help address the problems.

When first looking into this piece, I was drawn to it by the simple fact that it was connected to Dallas in some way, shape, or form. Although, it has nothing to do with the person of interest to my artifact, it still connects with the main prognosis of AIDS in the particular region he is from.

Fan, Hung, et al. AIDS : Science and Society. Burlington, Mass. : Jones & Bartlett Learning, [2014], 2014. EBSCOhost,

Hung Y. Fan is a professor addressing the connection between both the affects the AIDS have with the medical world and how society has left an impact on the medical practice. The evidence pertaining to the case in this novel, includes the broken down science behind the disease affecting the lives of so many people within the current world. It could have been written in hopes of spreading awareness towards those who have the tools and ability to better the people undergoing the epidemic. Here the paper was addressed to those who were perhaps looking in depth into the ways AIDS injured a persons being. This journal can affect those who are attempting to find a cure or a form of healing for others who are dealing with this problem.

Without much mention to how this journal connects to the artifact I chose to showcase, Fan’s work is a depiction of how science can work hand and hand with the problems to find a better source of stability for them both. It does not soundly benefit my case, but the point of tying two different subjects in order to create a broad connection does help those attempting to find a solution.

Beaulaurier, Richard L., et al. “Older Latina Women and HIV/AIDS: An Examination of Sexuality and Culture as They Relate to Risk and Protective Factors.” Journal of Gerontological Social Work, vol. 52, no. 1, 01 Jan. 2009, pp. 48-63. EBSCOhost,

Richard L. Baeulaurier, a Ph.D., M.S.W. holder uses his resources as an Associate Professor in FIU’s College’s School of Social Work and Research Associate at FIU’s Institute for Ethnicity and Research to observe the relations between AIDS/HIV and Latina’s. Within the Journal Article, statistics and information found within the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website is quoted to share connections between the disease and the minority group. Through this article the author’s want to figure out why this substantially large group of people affected by this disease are being ignored from further research. The likely targeted audience for this article would be scientists and research to make a significant enhancement on the study of HIV/AIDS and the effects on both older and Latina women. Seeing as the article brings together plenty of useful sources, researchers on HIV/AIDS or Latinx culture will find this piece to be beneficial for them.

For the second unit, I chose to follow my theme through a different panel, that of Fior Valdez. Fior is part of a marginalized group, one for being a women with HIV and for also being Latinx with HIV. Fior being a part of the ignored group mentioned in the journal, it seemed most likely to apply to my research. For the most part, the article was helpful in gaining perspective on how POC women are pushed aside when it comes to talk of AIDS in the states.

Chapin-Bardales, Johanna, et al. “Original Article: Trends in Racial/Ethnic Disparities of New AIDS Diagnoses in the United States, 1984–2013.” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 27, 01 May 2017, pp. 329-334.e2. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.04.002.

Johanna Chapin Bardales is a graduate student from Emory Rollins School of Public Health with her dissertation focusing her on the trends of HIV among minority groups. In Chaplin’s work, it her subject is demonstrated through various statistics and charts to show the trends in sex, gender, and ethnic background. The purpose of this text is to make connections as to why the recent increase in HIV among minority groups has created a large scaled dilemma. The targeted audience for this will be those researchers and scientist who are ahead of the movement, that will take that step towards monitoring the increase in minorities with HIV. People hoping to see the relations of HIV trends over the last few decades would find this text useful, more specifically for those planning on completing more research on the topic.

Bardales work for this unit heavily coincided with my artifact in the sense that it brought to light the ongoing trends of HIV in ethnic groups. Although it applied to my artifact in some parts, overall it did not necessarily do much for me. In this sense I saw no general substance for helping me understand what was going on with the my specific subculture.

Van Oss Marín, Barbara, Gomez, Cynthia A., “Comprehensive, up-to-Date Information on HIV/AIDS Treatment and Prevention from the University of California San Francisco.” Latinos and HIV: Cultural Issues in AIDS Prevention, University of California, San Francisco , Nov. 1998, 

Both Barbara and Cynthia are Ph.D recipients from the University of California, San Francisco, with focuses to find the cultural issues associated with AIDS prevention within the Latinx culuture. This piece of work utilizes several surveys, sources, and statistics to quantify their stance. Through their work, the author appears to want those with either a tradition background to become significantly aware of what Latinx culutrue has created for gay or bisexual men. This publication appears to be targeted more towards individuals looking to research traditions and culture on new age diseases. The most use this work would help would be those looking into cultural pressures are placed on gay and bisexual Latinx men.

My research question directly correlates with the title of Barbara and Cynthia’s which is what caught my attention when I first came across it. Culture is an import concept to the Latinx, whether it be loosely or firmly followed by people, and to have it here and applied to those on a different spectrum of the modern age is very interesting. I find the need to research how culture and traditions can now be applied to new age problems to help better the understanding of both psychological and personal backgrounds.

Introducing the Latino Initiative: Affirming Cultural Diversity through Culturally Competent Care.” Edited by SPNS Latino Initiative, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, SPNS, Sept. 2013, 

Published by SPNS through information given by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the article explores the correlation of Latinx and programs set up to help the growing population handle the new wave of transmitted disease. The evidence found within the article comes directly from the U.S. Consensus Bureau and the CDC, plus various of other publications. The source is the show the amount of Latinx population dealing with AIDS/HIV and the SPNS initiative for future grantees to study the Latinxs living with AIDS. The intended audience here would be towards those in charge of finding out whether or not the cause is worth funding to begin with. Again, those controlling the grants would find this information on Latinx lives for those dealing with these sexually transmitted diseases interesting.

Considering my theme this unit, I believed that this SPNS article helped build backing for my artifact. I wanted a strong understanding of culture to be tied in with my work. Although this text has more to do with finding grants for research on HIV within the Latinx community, it gave important information for the numbers of the community suffering the disease nearly blindsided by their lack of information.

Robinson, Russell, and Aisha C. Moodie-Mills. “HIV/AIDS Inequality: Structural Barriers to Prevention, Treatment, and Care in Communities of Color.” Center for American Progress, 27 July 2012,

Aisha Moodie-Mills is an advisor for LGBT policy & Racial Justice at the Center for American Progress– in this field she researches race, sexual orientation, economics, and public policy. The author finds the disparity between POC Americans versus White Americans when it comes down to the rates at which people of color are being infected by the way in which they are living. The reason for this article is to show the major differences between ethnic groups and the places in which they are living, here it is implied those impoverished places are more likely to contract the disease. Here, the piece is to target those funding projects to move their focus onto those primarily suffering with HIV and are being openly discriminated towards, partially to create a safer place for same-sex, male partners. The people who would be most impacted by this work are educational workers and funding members to help promote the well-being and overall health of its local citizens.

Through the common ground of HIV/AIDS in a minority background, I believed this article would lead me towards a path that would help my research with the cultural portion. Although it did not do that, it was still able to help me begin the process of comparing the likelihood that the person from my quilt suffered more so because of the lack of information or for the lack of involvement from outsiders who did not bother to research Latinx living with HIV.