Revision Consideration

After speaking with Professor Arrington, I realized that my work needed a bit of polishing. I need more depth and in order to get that, I need to separate the story I was writing about Michael Hernandez in my Primary Source Description. Another thing I plan on fixing is my Annotated Bibliography. I did not include some thesis, so I need to rewrite that as well.

Michael Hernandez

  • Why did a coworker of Michael choose to make the panel, that included his entire family, in place of his actual family?
  • Why was an arbol de milagro stitched onto the quilt in a rainbow pattern with the names of Michael’s family?
  • Michael Hernandez was raised in Dallas, Texas, a predominantly conservative state?

Terms to search:

Dallas, ARC foundation, Johnnie Clarke, date of death

Everything Michael Hernandez

Quilt block 5959, buried under a large bundle of several other quilt blocks, each varying in weight and theme. This quilt block, specifically, was much newer than the rest, the years on the quilt displayed short screenshots of people who lost their battle against HIV/AIDS throughout these last few decades, the meanings behind each carrying a heavy weight and small pieces of a persons life.

MICHAEL HERNANDEZ’s panel was positioned second from the left side on the top of quilt panel 5959. His name stitched in a familiarized Arial font, the date of his birth to the date of his death printed right below it, depicting the short-lived life this man had. A white canvas showing the simplicity of the entire work, perhaps, much like the life Michael Hernandez lead, was the main background of the panel.

On this white sheet, a hand stitched Arbol de los Milagros (the Miracle Tree) covered most of the sheet. An Arbol de los Milagros is a simple, yet impactful tree to those with Mexican roots. It is a tree people use to pray on objects– some made wishes and others made promising projections– for upcoming events that will be made on the tree to benefit those who are decorating it. Here the Arbol de los Milagros is stitched in a rainbow pride pattern, for the fact that Michael Hernandez was a man connected to the LGBTQ+ community. The addition of the pink in the pattern sets an entirely new feel for those who are viewing the quilt panel. It is not a symbol of plain happiness but one of pride for who and what this man stood for.

“Hanging” on this tree is the names of six of Michael’s blood sisters, one adopted brother, and both of his parents’ names. Irene, Janie, Bea, Irma, Sue, Tommie, and Paul—in that specific order running down the quilt from the top, each name placed carefully on a different branch—are already noted for being a big part of Michael’s life, simply by the fact that there aren’t very many decorations littered on his panel. His parents, after seeing they raised all eight of them on their own, were able to root the family down, hence their full names—Miguel and Olivia Hernandez– being placed closest to the bottom of the handcrafted tree.

Under further inspection of Michael Hernandez’s panel, a letter written to him from one of the creators of the quilt came to light. Johnnie Clarke, a friend and co-worker of Michael, left behind a quickly written note to accompany the simple quilt panel, leaving a short but hefty story of Michael Hernandez and the life he leads up until his death in 1995. In a rather sloppy form, Johnnie described Michael’s life and the foundations in which he dedicated his life’s work to.

Michael “Mike” Hernandez thrived in Dallas, Texas, a state predominately known for its majority of conservatives living there. This was an important note to keep, as the location in which he worked at was a center for those under the LGBTQ+ community, more specifically those dealing with HIV/AIDS themselves. Under the title of Foundation of Human Understanding, Michael advocated a change for those suffering the same disease as him. Despite the fact that Michael suffered as the others coming their doors did, he did not refuse to back down from the battle. He was dedicated heavily to his family and his work.

The Foundation of Human Understanding, having since changed its name twice, first to the Dallas Resource Center in 1998—three years after Michael’s death, before officially landing on a deconstructed version, Resource Center in 2013. This significant change in the foundation’s name reveals the amount of changes undergone in Dallas after Hernandez passed away. Another thing the name change reveals is the time period of when the quilt was made for Michael, that being between 1998 and 2013, while it was still known as the Dallas Resource Center.

Within the span of 15 years, Michael Hernandez’s legacy continued to live on through his closest friends and family after his death, his impact touched the lives of many within and throughout the LGBTQ+ community as well.

Michael “Mike” Hernandez’s portion in the AIDS quilt is one of the newer editions to the NAMES Project, an addition for his family, friends, and to those studying the massive quilt could capture insight on small traditions and the life style of a regular man, living in Dallas, Texas fighting through the astigmatism and prejudice of the queer community. Acceptance for both people dealing with AIDS and being queer is not that great, but it has definitely changed a lot since Hernandez last walked this earth. Seeing a man coming from both ends, working to make the difference that long ago makes all the difference as to why it was created. His quilt depicted change for a better, healthier tomorrow.

The Machete Affect

Our primary reading, Essays in Material Culture edited by Jules David Prown and Kenneth Hallman, helped depict the difference amongst the value a physical object can carry amongst those who study it. The economic value, say that of a machete, which came around to be in Europe prior to the renaissance age, carried no weight having only been a tool to help harvesters pick their crops with a bit more ease. (“What Is A Machete, Anyway?”, John Cline) As time progressed, a new meaning arose for these long, sharp blades as Hallman writes that “only some of culture takes

Here is a woman using a machete, found on an article from LinkedIn.

material form, the part that does records the shape and imprint of otherwise more abstract… aspects of that culture that they quite literally embody.” (Essays in Material Culture, Hallman, P. 1)

Albeit having the machete take symbolic form within the Agricultural era, as governments began to grow so did their forms of violence. During the Rwandan Genocide, the machete was a form of cheap weaponry, allowing for more violent deaths for those unfortunate souls. The balance of meaning of an object cannot be justified through one certain event though. Four Central American countries, for example, used the machete as a form of weapon to help demolish the hold a man named William Walker held over the Nicaragua region. After Walker was taken down, the machete became a symbol for the freedom of Central Americans. Here the meaning behind the machete changed. Through a few generations, machetes were labeled as several different things depending on the both the time period and the region.

Here’s an image of a villager taken as a reminder of the Rwandan Genocides.

Both papers showed how, over time, an object was first given a purpose before a value, then it was shaped to become something of vulgar symbol throughout most societies who do not have agriculture being one of their primary sources of income. Because this knife, once used to help crop the land of agricultural based lands, was cornered into a form of self-defense for some people a new wave of meaning overcame it. No longer is it just a “tool” it is now an object people collect for fun or utilize for other harmful actions.

To explain more about the purpose of this assignment, I would have to talk about the significance of when both Essays in Material Culture and “What Is A Machete, Anyway?” were published and the background of both publication backgrounds. The affects and perhaps the bias from each writer helped influenced the way a reader views a certain subject. The most difficulty being the ability to differentiate the points the primary reading was making and being able to tie it back in with the secondary reading.

Conventions of the Book & Blog genre

Haltman’s American Artifacts: Essays in Material Culture concerns itself as a novel. The format is very “black and white,” the font is “blocky” and rather standard. Each page is properly formatted. Includes publishing rights, lots of space, and gives off an aura to capture the attention of scholars. Specific lexicon. Works cited at the end. No pictures. Contains quotes and excerpts from other text using indentation


Zevallos’ Research in Racism and Academia blog contains lots of color, bubbly font, and has pictures, in a way where  it seems to target a younger audience. The author uses external sources from social media sites. Has promotional ads on its page and unrelated context. The author herself inserts her personal “About Me” that entitles her to build a greater following, despite the probably lack of credits. Has surveys from outside databases, lots of hyperlinks that lead to several external sites. Not to mention the blog is constantly being updated.